AV-Test offers an interesting aggregation of 2016/2017 malware statistics in its Security Report here. Its observations on ransomware may be of particular interest to readers of this blog (how are you both?) The reports points out that:
There is no indication based on proliferation statistics that 2016 was also the “year of ransomware“. Comprising not even 1% of the overall share of malware for Windows, the blackmail Trojans appear to be more of a marginal phenomenon.
The mode of action and damage created by file-encrypting trojans makes them a much greater threat than implied by a consideration of the numbers…
Looking at the growth in malware for specific platforms, AV-Test notes a decrease in numbers for malware attacking Windows users. (Security vendors needn’t worry: there’s still plenty to go round…)
On the other hand, the report says of macOS malware that ‘With an increase rate of over 370% compared to the previous year, it is no exaggeration to speak of explosive growth.’ Of Android, it says that ‘the number of new threats … has doubled compared to the previous year.’
Of course, there’s much more in this 24-page report. To give you some idea of what, here’s the ToC:
Whenever I think that the various criminals behind ransomware can’t sink any lower, someone comes along and proves me wrong.
Edmund Brumaghin and Warren Mercer in a post forTalos describe a particularly vicious example of ransomware they call Ranscam, which doesn’t bother to encrypt files. It claims that the files have been moved to a ‘hidden, encrypted partition’ , but in fact the malware simply deletes them, makes it difficult as possible to recover them, and then puts up a ransom demand. In fact, the criminals have no way of recovering the victim’s files: they just take the money, given the opportunity. As the authors put it:
Ranscam further justifies the importance of ensuring that you have a sound, offline backup strategy in place rather than a sound ransom payout strategy.
John Leyden heralds a post apparently due to appear on the Malwarebytes site later today (25th May 2016) about a wave of malvertising exploiting the Flash Player exploit (CVE-2016-4117) recently addressed by Adobe in order to direct victims to the Angler exploit kit and launch infection with the CryptXXX ransomware.
Of particular relevance to this site are the statistics for crypto ransomware attacks (up by 35% in the UK) and for tech support scams (7m attacks in 2015). Since this is described as a survey, I guess the figures are extrapolated from the surveyed population’s responses rather than from a more neutral source, but I can’t say for sure.
Ordinarily, I’d check out the report directly, but it requires registration, and I don’t really want to be bombarded with ‘commercial information‘ from a competitor, so I have to be really interested before I go that far. If that doesn’t bother you, though, you can get the report via this page.
The Register also cites the report’s finding that 430 million new malware variants were discovered in 2015. I agree with Leyden that the figure is pretty meaningless, though for a slightly different reason: not because of the sheer volume of variants, but because you can’t tell from this summary what Symantec is defining as a ‘variant’.
John Leyden has reported that the Motorola Droid has been rooted, so that users of the hack can install applications not offered by operators, in a manner not dissimilar to jailbreaking the iPhone and iPod Touch.
Here’s the link, , but watch that Shell rollover ad: it really gets in the way if you’re switching tabs!
No-one is saying that this issue is 100% analogous to the iPhone issue, in that there is (as far as I know) no readymade vulnerability lying in wait for Droid users (unless you count the vulnerability in wetware that makes social engineering such an effective attack). However, it does point to the weakness of the whitelisting and restricted privilege models as a sole defence. If an end user is willing to forgo the legitimacy of a vanilla smartphone by “rooting” it, in order to get a wider choice of apps, there are people out there willing to share techniques for doing so. And plenty more ready to take advantage of the resulting exposure to risk, if they can.
David Harley FBCS CITP CISSP
Chief Operations Officer, AVIEN
Director of Malware Intelligence, ESET
I just revisited New Scientist’s report on the Qinetiq patent for modifying files to stop them executing.
As John Leyden cited my previous blog on the topic here referring to my job at ESET, I thought it best to continue the discussion there. Having spent some time looking at the patent application, I don’t think the idea is as dumb as the New Scientist article suggested, but there are still significant problems.