(MacSpy isn’t ransomware, but seems to have been developed by the same author, and both are offered as as-a-service malware.)
Zeljka Zorz for HelpNet Security: Two Mac malware-as-a-Service offerings uncovered. According to HelpNet ‘Patric Wardle’s RansomWhere? tool can also stop MacRansomware from doing any damage.’
Rommel Joven and Wayne Chin Yick Low, for Fortinet: MacRansom: Offered as Ransomware as a Service
Fortinet notes that “Nevertheless, we are still skeptical of the author’s claim to be able to decrypt the hijacked files, even assuming that the victims sent the author an unknown random file…”
AlienVault: MacSpy: OS X RAT as a Service
A couple of items of general interest regarding ransomware:
I’ve commented a couple of times recently on the question of Ransomware: To pay or not to pay? and The economics of ransomware recovery.
A free tool released by ESET ‘to help combat the recent ransomware, WannaCry (WannaCryptor).’
The press release goes on to say that:
ESET’s EternalBlue Vulnerability Checker can be used to determine whether your Windows machine is patched against EternalBlue, the exploit behind the WannaCry ransomware epidemic that is still being used to spread cryptocurrency mining software and other malware.
This obviously isn’t the only way to check, and it may not be the only tool of its kind out there – I haven’t been looking for such a tool. And clearly, checking for a specific vulnerability isn’t a substitute for a sound patching strategy, or for using security software that detects malware (including WannaCryptor) reasonably reliably. But while I haven’t tested it personally, I’d be very surprised (in view of my longstanding association with ESET) if this tool didn’t do what it says on the tin, so some people and organizations might well find this useful.
Wannacry in-memory key recovery for WinXP – Adrian Guinet warns:
“This software has only been tested and known to work under Windows XP. In order to work, your computer must not have been rebooted after being infected.
Please also note that you need some luck for this to work (see below), and so it might not work in every cases!”
However, wanakiwi claims to have tested it successfully with versions up to Windows 7, but points to some alternative information. WannaCry — Decrypting files with WanaKiwi + Demos
Dan Goodin for Ars Technica: Windows XP PCs infected by WCry can be decrypted without paying ransom – “Decryption tool is of limited value, because XP was unaffected by last week’s worm.”
John Leyden for The Register: There’s a ransom-free fix for WannaCrypt. Oh snap, you’ve rebooted your XP box – “Sooo… that’s not gonna work for you mate”
Article by me on ITSecurity UK: WannaCryptor Afterthoughts…
Not that it’s really ‘after’ WannaCryptor, but as some of the smoke clears, I thought it was worth looking at some of the issues around the malware, and maybe more importantly, the way the online world has reacted to it.
Because of the apparent seriousness of the issue, I borrowed my earlier blogs on this topic for ITsecurity UK. So it’s only fair that I borrow back a couple of updates from that article.
You may have seen that someone was able to ‘switch off’ the attack by registering a domain. (‘Accidental hero’ finds kill switch to stop spread of ransomware cyber-attack.) While it sounds as if this bought the world some time, it doesn’t mean there won’t be further attacks. I still recommend that you patch if you can.
There are reports of further variants, including one which is alleged not to include a kill switch. That might not be an accurate report, but certainly no-one should be relying on the neutralization of kill-switch domains rather than patching.
And if you have been caught out by the malware and were thinking of paying up, be warned that payment may not get your files back, according to Checkpoint: WannaCry – Paid Time Off?
Analysis by Microsoft here. MS recommends that you update to Windows 10 (no comment…) and/or apply the MS17-010 update. If that’s not possible, they recommend that you:
Hat tip to Artem Baranov for links to further information.
Unusually, Microsoft has provided a patch for systems that are no longer supported, but are vulnerable to the Microsoft Security Bulletin MS17-010 flaw exploited by WannaCryptor (a.k.a. WannaCrypt among other names). These include Windows XP, Windows 8, and Windows Server 2003. A patch for later operating systems (i.e. those versions of Windows still supported) was made available in March 2017.
If you didn’t take advantage of the patch for Windows 8.1 and later at the time, now would be a good time to do so. (A couple of days earlier would have been even better.)
If you’re running one of the unsupported Windows versions mentioned above (and yes, I appreciate that some people have to), I strongly recommend that you either upgrade or take advantage of the new patch.
Microsoft’s announcement is here: Customer Guidance for WannaCrypt attacks, with links to the update and further information. Detection of the threat has also been added to Windows Defender.
Kudos to Microsoft for going the extra mile…
Additional analysis and/or commentary by ESET – Huge ransomware outbreak disrupts IT systems worldwide, WannaCryptor to blame, Malwarebytes – The worm that spreads WanaCrypt0r, and Sophos: Wanna Decrypter 2.0 ransomware attack: what you need to know. Among other vendors, of course. [Added subsequently: Symantec – What you need to know about the WannaCry Ransomware]
It probably hasn’t escaped your notice that there is a huge outbreak of ransomware affecting organizations pretty much worldwide. The main cause of upset is the malware ESET calls Win32/Filecoder.WannaCryptor.D (other security software is available…)
At the moment it’s unclear how much actual data has been affected, and how many systems have been shut down as a proactive measure. One thing that does seem clear is that systems that haven’t been patched against MS2017-010 are vulnerable to the ‘externalblue’ exploit from the ShadowBroker NSA leak unless they have security software that blocks that exploit.
Being in the UK, I’m especially interested in the effect on the NHS, though I’m not in a position to tell you much about it. Here are a couple of links:
Some sources link this with Jaff, but the information I have doesn’t suggest a resemblance. ESET detects it as PDF/TrojanDropper.Agent.Q trojan – the sample I received came as an attachment called nm.pdf. Commentary by EMSISOFT. Commentary by The Register.
Emsisoft’s CMO Holger Keller contacted me to point out that the company is running a series of ‘Spotlight on Ransomware’ articles. I haven’t had a chance to look at them properly, but the company does useful work on providing ransomware decryptors and you may well find the articles of use and interest. Added to the RANSOMWARE RECOVERY AND PREVENTION page.
The first two articles are:
- Spotlight on Ransomware: Common infection methods – the writer says: ‘Malware writers and attackers use a variety of sophisticated techniques to spread their malware. There are three commonly used ransomware infection methods that will be explored in this post; malicious email attachments and links, drive-by downloads and Remote Desktop Protocol attacks. It is our hope that we can help you to focus on protecting the areas most likely to be compromised by cybercriminals and to reduce your risk of infection, starting right now.’
- Spotlight on Ransomware: How ransomware works – the writer says: ‘In Part Two, we will explore what happens once you’ve made that unfortunate click on a link or document, and what the ransomware does to your system to take control.’
Ransomware-as-a-Service derived from Hidden Tear, sold by DevBitox on the dark web.
Analysis by Recorded Future: Karmen Ransomware Variant Introduced by Russian Hacker
Recorded Future on Hidden Tear
Commentary by John Leyden for The Register: Profit with just one infection! Crook sells ransomware for – Nifty dashboard shows the bitcoin rolling in
*Carmen (the opera)